Improving energy efficiency in public schools of Kyrgyz Republic
Initiator and main performer: Unison Group
With financial support from: United States Agency for International Development (USAID)
Description: The heating supply for buildings in Kyrgyzstan face a number of barriers and problems that reduce the quality of heat and services provided to residents, particularly in rural areas. In general, the housing and utilities sector is characterised by an irrational supply of gas, water and heat energy, inefficient energy-saving resources and poor building materials and structures.
The following procedure provides public schools with coal by:
- School principals or their supervisors apply for the purchase of coal, not taking into account the brand of coal and the type of furnace.
- Coal is purchased and supplied by commissions of aiyl okrugs. Moreover, members of tender commissions are appointed teachers, doctors, ayil okrug employees, etc., who do not have knowledge of furnace devices, even those existing in their buildings.
- A tender is publicised for the purchase of coal, with universal tender documents that do not take into account the difference between the installed boilers. Tender documents should consider all the possibilities of effective heating of school buildings, taking into account the required quality and appropriate boilers.
- The tender wins the coal from the company that provided the lowest price.
Due to the commission’s fault, fuel is not suitable for use and this is observed year after year in the majority of school buildings. Thus, it is essential to provide the correct information for representatives of the schools, social facilities about types of heating devices and types of fuel.
Other factors that also affect the quality of heat supply are:
- Boilers and heating systems,
- Technical assistants who are responsible for maintaining the boilers etc.
It is clear that at each stage there are a number of unaccounted for and problematic issues, where the solutions to these could improve the heat supply of the schools. Additionally, an important aspect would be to measure the amount of fuel received at the facility, and also to regulate the volume of fuel burned.
Fig.1.:The areas where the seminars were held.
In accordance with a number of publications previously developed by the “Unison Group” regarding energy and fuel supply, information was also collated on this project for the continuation of a series of consumer guides on the use of energy resources called “A User’s Guide to Coal Heating” (This document was written in Russian and then translated into Kyrgyz).
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